Everything You Need to Know About Cancer Treatment and Prevention
Cancer is a genetic condition that occurs when mutated cells in the body start rapidly multiplying for no apparent reason. The unchecked multiplication of mutated cells form tumors which may be malignant or benign and affect the healthy cells. Cancer cells can develop in any part of the human body but can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymph system.
Cancers are caused by genetic changes or damage to our DNA caused by environmental factors. You can’t help your genetic makeup but you can try to prevent cancer through a few lifestyle changes. The risk of tobacco-related cancers (cancers of the mouth, throat, and lungs) can be lowered by quitting smoking. Limiting your skin’s exposure to the sun can prevent melanomas or types of skin cancer. Avoiding a high-fat diet may decrease the risks of breast and prostate cancer.
Cancer treatment plans usually rely on several factors: your age, the stage of cancer you are in, and your pre-existing health conditions. Doctors may use a combination of treatments to kill cancerous cells in the body.
Surgery is efficient if cancer is detected early and involves the surgical removal of a cluster of closely-packed cancer cells. Chemotherapy employs anti-cancer drugs that kill cancer cells. This medication is administered orally or intravenously. Doctors recommend it when the cancer cells have spread to multiple sites in the body. Radiation involves exposing the cancer cells to high energy beams or by injecting radioactive particles into the bloodstream. This method is still being finessed so that healthy cells are not killed by the radiation. Some cancers which are influenced by hormones may be treated with hormones or hormone-blocking medication to slow the growth of cancerous cells. A few advanced treatment plans involve carefully controlling the enzymes that cause the growth of cancer cells by genetic engineering. New developments in cancer research are looking into the efficacy of cancer vaccines and the use of antibodies combined with poison. These methods are still under investigation.
A cancer diagnosis is a tough pill to swallow, but early detection can make your treatment plan much more straightforward. Pay attention to untoward symptoms and have regular medical screenings to catch it early.